On March 25, 1881, Béla Bartók was born in a small town in the Kingdom of Hungary. He became arguably one of the three great 20th century composers.
On March 23, 1924, Bette Nesmith Graham was born in Dallas, Texas. Frustrated by the difficulty in correcting typing mistakes, she invented Liquid Paper and built a company.
On March 22, 1846, Randolph Caldecott was born in Chester, England. The Caldecott Medal is named for the illustrator.
On March 21, 1768, Jean-Baptiste Joseph Fourier was born in Auxerre, France. The noted mathematician led a rich, varied life.
On March 20, 1741, was born in Versailles, France. His sculptures, particularly his busts, have become lasting images of the Enlightenment and of America’s Founding Fathers.
On March 19, 1918, Congress passed the Standard Time Act, which established Standard Time, Daylight Savings Time, and authorized the Interstate Commerce Commission to establish time zones.
On March 18, 1990, two men dressed as Boston cops stole $500 million worth of art works from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum.
On March 16, 1926, Robert Goddard launched the first liquid-fueled rocket in Auburn, Mass., The flight, reaching a height of 41 feet, lasted only 2.5 seconds.
On March 15, 1783, Gen. George Washington, in an impassioned speech, stopped officers of the Continental Army from rebelling over Congress’ unwillingness to pay soldiers salaries.
On March 14, 1879, Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, Germany. His general theory of relativity represents one of the pillars of modern physics.
On Mar. 13, 1906, Susan Brownell Anthony died in Rochester, New York, after a lifetime of working for civil rights, temperance and women’s suffrage. She, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, drafted the text for what became the 19th Amendment in 1878.
On Mar. 11, 1915, Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider was born in St. Louis. Educated as a psychologist, he is credited as the first to describe the Internet (when he proposed a “galactic network” of interconnected computers in 1962).
On Mar. 9, 1892, Victoria Mary “Vita” Sackville-West was born in Kent, England. A novelist and poet who is best known for the weekly gardening columns she wrote for The Observer, and her garden at Sissinghurst Castle.
On Mar. 8, 1865, Frederic W. Goudy was born in Bloomington, Illinois. When he was 40, he embarked on a new career, designing type, and became the leader of American type designers.
On Mar. 7, 1875, Maurice Ravel was born in in the Basque town of Ciboure, France, near Biarritz, close to the border with Spain. He is most famous for “Bolero,” a work he dismissed as trivial.
On Mar. 6, 1857, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that because Dred Scott was black, he was not a citizen of the United States, arguably the worst ruling by our nation’s highest court.
On Mar. 5, 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, on his first full day in office, declared a Bank Holiday would begin on March 6, and depositors would not be able to withdraw their funds.
On Mar. 4, 1789, the first United States Congress met in Federal Hall in New York City, though it was not until April 1 that the House of Representatives had sufficient members present for a quorum, and April 6 for the Senate.
On Feb. 28, 1901, Linus Pauling was born in Portland, Oregon. He is one of the few two-time winners of the Nobel Prize.
On March 2, 1904, Theodor Seuss Geisel was born in Springfield, Mass.; he became one of the most popular children’s book authors of all time.