On April 25, 1908, Edward R. Murrow was born in Guilford County, North Carolina, and his broadcasts from London during the Blitz captured the American public’s attention.
On April 24, 1904, Willem de Kooning was born in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, and arrived in the U.S. as a stowaway in 1926. He became one of the most celebrated artists of the 20th century.
On April 23, 1813, Stephen A. Douglas was born in Brandon, Vermont. The Senator from Illinois is most remembered for his 1858 Senate campaign and 1860 presidential campaign against Abraham Lincoln.
On April 22, 1970, about 20 million Americans participated in the first Earth Day teach-in, an event that galvanized environmentalists. The remarkable success was due in large part to the efforts of Wisconsin Sen. Gaylord Nelson.
On April 20, 1918, Edward L. Beach Jr. was born in New York City. He was an illustrious submarine commander and author, including the 1955 bestselling novel “Run Silent, Run Deep.”
On April 19, 1912, Glenn Seaborg was born in Ishpeming, Mich. He discovered, or co-discovered, ten transuranium elements, including plutonium, and won the 1951 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.
On April 18, 1945, war correspondent Ernie Pyle was shot and killed on an Ie Shima beach when a Japanese machine gun crew opened up on his jeep. Pyle had gained fame in the 1930s as a national columnist, but it was his tales from the front lines that endeared him to Americans.
On April 16, 1889, Charles Spencer Chaplin was born in London, England. He became a famous actor and filmmaker during the early days of cinema.
On April 15, 1960, Ella Baker led a two-day conference at Shaw University in Raleigh, N.C., which resulted in the formation of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, one of the significant groups of the American civil rights movement.
On April 13, 1906, Samuel Beckett was born in Dublin, Ireland. His post-World War II writing came to define modern literature, and he won the 1969 Nobel Prize for his influence.
On April 12, 1903, Jan Tinbergen was born in The Hague, Netherlands. Trained as physicist, he was awarded the first Nobel Prize for Economics in 1969.
On April 11, 1755, James Parkinson was born in London, England. He became a noted scientist most remembered for his 1817 description of “paralysis agitans,” which the French “father” of neurology later named Parkinson’s disease.
On April 10, 1866, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was founded in New York City.
On April 9, 1905, J. William Fulbright was born in Missouri. He was the longest serving chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
Grace Murray Hopper was one of the most influential people in defining how computers are used.
On April 6, 1973, Ron Blomberg of the New York Yankees became the first designated hitter in Major League Baseball history, facing Boston Red Sox right-handed pitcher Luis Tiant in his first plate appearance.
On April 5, 1856, Booker Taliaferro Washington was born a slave on the Burroughs Farm in Virginia. He became the voice of African-Americans, dined at the White House, and helped build nearly 5,000 schools across the South.
On April 3, 1885, Harry St John Philby was born in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). He served Britain in India and in the Middle East, and became a primary advisor to the future king of Saudi Arabia.
On April 2, 1862, Nicholas Murray Butler was born in Elizabeth, N.J. He became president of Columbia University and won the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize.
On April 1, 1960, the United States launched the first weather satellite, TIROS-1. It was the first satellite that enabled us to view the earth from space and observe weather patterns.